New Zealand has no native land mammals apart from some rare bats so birds, fish and sea mammals were important sources of protein. Treaty of Waitangi[ edit ] Main article: Christianity was introduced to New Zealand in by Samuel Marsdenwho travelled to the Bay of Islands where he founded a mission station on behalf of the Church of England's Church Missionary Society.
Someone has sent text, images or video that: Nationals from the United Kingdom British citizens and other British passport holders who produce evidence of the right to reside permanently in the UK are eligible for a visa waiver and can stay in New Zealand visa-free as a visitor for up to 6 months.
Auckland was the second capital of New Zealand. Instead, he proposed a government sponsored system in which the price of farm land was set at a high enough level to prevent urban workers from easily purchasing it and thus leaving the labour market.
Gold discoveries in Otago and Westlandcaused a worldwide gold rush that more than doubled the population in a short period, from 71, in toin By the s, however, large scale sheep stations were exporting large quantities of wool to the textile mills of England.
Inspired by evangelical Christianity and abolitionismWakefield's essays tocondemned both slavery and indentured and convict labour as immoral, unjust, and inefficient.
His plans for systematic British colonisation focused on a free labour system, in contrast to the slavery in the United States and the convict labour in Australia. InterCity Group has voluntarily adopted European Emission standards across its fleet of modern coaches.
All these visa waivers, including the one for Australians, can be refused. These settlements had access to some of the richest plains in the country and after refrigerated ships appeared inthey developed into closely settled regions of small-scale farming. The Supreme Court of New Zealand heads the judicial branch, and has served as the highest court of appeal since taking over that role from the UK Privy Council in In total, around three-quarters of the population is of direct or indirect European descent.
See Immigration New Zealand for more info. The country as a whole is sparsely populated, with an average of 18 people per square kilometre. Fourth Monday in October: Passes are valid for 1 year. From to the Musket Wars raged until a new balance of power was achieved after most tribes had acquired muskets.
Politics[ edit ] Parliament House and the Executive Wing "Beehive" in Wellington New Zealand's political system is largely based on the British Westminster system, with some notable exceptions such as only having one legislative house — the country abolished its upper house in The Church of England sponsored the Canterbury Association colony with assisted passages from Great Britain in the early s.
Foreign nationals of the following countries and territories are eligible for a visa waiver and can stay in New Zealand visa-free as a visitor for up to 3 months: Wellington is sometimes called te upoko o te ika the head of the fish" and once boasted a monthly magazine called Fishhead.
The unsheltered areas of the country can get a bit breezy, especially in the centre, through Cook Strait and around Wellington. Most roads in New Zealand are quite narrow and winding when compared to the highways of the USAand travelling a long distance in a bus can be a safe and relaxing way to travel compared with driving yourself.
Take care with any items of food that you have obtained during your travel; many people have been caught and fined for not declaring fruit they were given as part of an in-flight meal.
Be prepared for the weather to change from fine to showers and vice versa without notice. It was offered complete independence under the Statute of Westminster, although it did not adopt this until Leadership was based on a system of chieftainship, which was often but not always hereditary, although chiefs male or female needed to demonstrate leadership abilities to avoid being superseded by more dynamic individuals.
A significant proportion of the economy is based on agriculture, so importing even small quantities of food, unprocessed animal or plant materials is tightly controlled. There are four main political parties in New Zealand: Tasman called them Staten Landt, after the States General of the Netherlandsand that name appeared on his first maps of the country.
First Monday in June: Auckland Anniversary Day firework 1 January: Passports, visas and documentation[ edit ] Visa policy of New Zealand Visa restrictions: Snow may fall down to sea level in eastern and southern parts of the South Island once every 1—2 years.
As a result, New Zealand is home to significant volcanic and geothermal activity and is also prone to earthquakes. Some items may be allowable such as wooden souvenirs but be taken for sterilisation or fumigation before being released to you.
Most were young people andbabies were born.
It is possible that other European explorers knew of the existence of New Zealand as early as the midth century. When the UK joined the European Economic Community inNew Zealand effectively lost its main trading partner and the national economy faced an uncertain future.
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The history of New Zealand dates back at least years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Māori culture centred on kinship links and land. The first European explorer to sight New Zealand was Dutch navigator Abel Tasman on 13 December The Dutch were also the first non-natives to explore and chart New Zealand.
New Zealand was the last major landmass to be settled by people. This, combined with its late European colonisation, geological youth and geographical isolation, has led to the development of a young, vigorous nation with a well .Download